Spades multiplayer game, 100% free. The Google Chrome Browser (version 42.xx and above) no longer directly supports the Java platform. Pogo has been slowly converting games from Java to Flash for a. Play over 50 Solitaire games including Klondike, Spider and FreeCell. Totally free! Beautiful graphics, stats, leaderboards, unlimited undos and more! Play the classic card game Spades online for free. No download required. Can you beat the computer?
Spades and Other Free Games Online. Spades is a card game for 4 players.
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Players sitting across from each other are partners on the same team. The object of this online card game version of Spades is to be the first team to score 5. At the start of the round, each player is dealt 1. Select 1 card from your hand, and then click on the . You will receive 1 card that your partner has passed to you.
Estimate how many tricks you can take during this round. A trick is a group of 4 cards, 1 card from each player.
Your bid and your partner's bid are added together, and this is the number of tricks that your team must take. Now the play begins. The player to the left of the dealer plays a card. Card game play continues clockwise. When it is your turn, the blue .
Double- click on a white card to play it. You must play a card of the same suit as the first card if you can. If you don't have any cards in the suit that was led, you can play any card. Spades are always trump, meaning that they outrank all other suits. When each player has played a card, the person who played the highest Spade wins these cards for his or her team. This is called winning a trick.
If no trump was played, the person who played the highest card in the suit that was led wins the trick. Aces are the highest card.
The player who won the trick now leads a card. Play continues in this manner until all 4 players have played all of their cards. Complete Game Guide.
If you'd like to learn more about how to play this game, please read the Complete Game Guide.
Spades Online. Spades is a classic trick- taking card game played by two teams of players. Spades online Instructions: Spades Teams: The Spades card game is played in teams or partnerships, the bids by each player of each team are added together.
Spades Bidding: Each player bids the number of tricks he expects to take. Spades online game play: Spades are the trump card in this game of cards. A trick in the game is won by the player who played the highest value card. If one or more trumps were played the highest card wins, otherwise the highest card of the leading suit wins. During the game players must follow suit when they can, otherwise any other card may be played. A player may not lead Spades until a Spade card has been played to trump another trick in the game.
See this Wiki page for the full Spades game rules; Spades card game rules.
Major Pairs. Money Management . Realtime, continously updated quotes for a wide range of forex currency pairs, complete with charts. The four major pairs are: EUR/USD, USD/JPY, GBP/USD, USD/CHF. The currency that is ..
Get a free demo account and start trading today. They comprise the largest share of the foreign exchange market.
Forex major pairs are .. Currencies are traded in currency pairs. Foreign Exchange Market turnover is approximately 5. The major group embraces just 7 currency pairs, .. Cross- Currency Pairs A cross- currency pair, .. The group of Minor currency pairs includes relatively less popular instruments as compared to the Major currency pairs. These are most famous currency pairs in .
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The AUD/USD is considered one of. Major Currency Pairs Personalities - Forex . Other currency pairs are .. They are the most frequently traded pairs in the FOREX market. This is because you can only value a currency relative to other currencies. You either sell on currency for another or buy a currency with another.
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Attachments — Acrobat Application Security Guide. UI and registry config.
Have you ever needed to open, edit, or modify a Microsoft Access database file (MDB), but you didn’t have Microsoft Access on your computer? Microsoft has. Microsoft Access 2010 comprehensive list all Error Numbers and Descriptions.
New file extensions can be added to the list, existing ones removed, and the behavior changed for file types already in the list. Permissions settings are as follows: 0: User is warned that the file may be unsafe and is given two choices: open or permanently set the behavior to Prohibited. User is warned that the file may be unsafe and is given three choices: open or permanently set the behavior to Allowed or Prohibited.
Always open this file type. This file type does not open and a warning message appears. Windows. Note. This HKLM setting does not work for any version of Reader 1. Protected Mode enabled. Modifying the registry settings in HKLM requires administrator rights.
To edit the registry to modify the default behavior of file attachments in Windows: Navigate to HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Adobe\< productname> \< version> \Feature. Lock. Down\c. Default. Launch. Attachment. Perms. Double click the t. Built. In. Perm. List value.
Edit or add an extension and value in the format of <. For example, zip: 1. Note. The ordering of the entries is irrelevant, but it is important that the list has no duplicate entries. Attachment permissions by file typeversion: 1. This file is normally located in Applications/< application> < versionnumber> < productname> /< application>.
For example, . zip: 1. Linux. To edit the registry to modify the default behavior of file attachments in Linux: Navigate to < installlocation> /Adobe/< applicationandversion/Reader/global. Prefs. Open Attachment.
Perms in a text editor. Edit or add an extension and value in the format of <. For example, . zip: 1. Adding Custom Attachment Extensions. To add custom extensions, add your own file extension entries to the very end of the list.
The method is the same on both Windows and Macintosh. Use the following format for each custom extension.
By default, this option is enabled so that common file types such as . To set attachment preferences: Choose Preferences > Trust Manager. Configure Allow opening of non- PDF file attachments with external applications: Checked: Default. The application uses its stored black list to determine whether Acrobat should let the attachment launch an application action, so the attachment can be opened.
OpenOffice.org (OOo) is able to read and write from a wide variety of databases, as long as they support one of the standard interface specifications such as ODBC or.
Unchecked: Clicking or opening an attachment will never result in launching it’s associated viewing application. Use this option if a higher level of security is needed. Modifying permissions on- the- fly. In other words, the list in Attachment black list can be extended one at a time as each attached file is opened. Administrators can modify the registry. To add a file to a black or white list, attach the new file type to a document and then try to open it: Acrobat: Choose Document > Attach a File and attach a file type not on the black or white list (e.
One method requires you to edit the registry. In order to create an ODBC connection, it is assumed that an administrator or power user must be used to create the connection. The V-Tools tools: Total Search Enables to perform a full search for a string through ALL objects and their properties in the current database. For example : if you. Today I had to recover a password of a Microsoft Access database (mdb) file that I created and protected couple of years ago. As the file was created couple of years. MAA Anesthesiology MHH Orthopedic Surgery - Hand. MAI Allergy & Immunology MPA Pain Medicine MDE Dermatology MAI Dermatology – Allergy & Immunology.
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Recovering a SQL Server 2. Database From a SUSPECT Mode. Error: Database Suspect due to Not enough space. Due to a sudden Reboot the Transactional Log file of the database named ABC got corrupted due to which the database went into SUSPECT mode. Solution: Here i take database name as .
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Initially landing in the island city of Kugane, players eventually find passage to the mainland with a lengthy layover in the Ruby Sea, an area featuring small.
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ARCTIC KING WINDOW/WALL TYPE ROOM AIR CONDITIONER USER MANUAL Pdf Download. Meijer. com WINDOW/WALL TYPE ROOM AIR CONDITIONER Before using your air conditioner, please read this manual carefully and keep it for future reference. Meijer. com Producto.. Meijer. com 1 8. 66 7 4. Meijer. com CONTENTS 1. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS.......
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IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ..... NORMAL SOUNDS ........ AIR CONDITIONER FEATURES ..... INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS...... CARE AND CLEANING ....... Meijer. com Safety Precautions To prevent injury to the user or other people and property damage, the following instructions must be followed. Incorrect operation due to ignoring of instructions may cause harm or damage.
The seriousness is classified by the following indications. WARNING This symbol indicates the possibility of death or serious injury. Meijer. com ! CAUTION Do not clean the air Ventilate the room well when When the air filter is to be removed, do not touch the conditioner with water. It may cause an injury.
Water may enter the unit and An oxygen shortage may occur. Meijer. com IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS For your safety WARNING NOTE The power supply cord with Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable vapors and liquids this air conditioner contains a current in the vicinity of this or any other appliance. Unit may vibrate and make noise because of poor wall or window construction or incorrect installation. Sound of Rushing Air At the front of the unit, you may hear the sound of rushing air being moved by the fan..
Meijer. com AIR CONDITIONER FEATURES(CONTINUED) NOTE: The following instructions represent the Unit Controls, the same instructions can be used for the Remote Control. TO TURN UNIT ON: Auto Auto Cool High Mode DO THIS: Press the On/Off button. Follow Energy On/Off Saver TO CHANGE TEMPERATURE SETTING.. Meijer. com AIR CONDITIONER FEATURES(CONTINUED) TO SELECT THE NOTE: OPERATING MODE: To choose operating mode, press the Mode button. Each time you press the button, a mode is selected in a sequence that goes from Auto, Cool, Dry to Fan.
The indicator light besides will be illuminated and remained on once the mode is selected. Meijer. com AIR CONDITIONER FEATURES(CONTINUED) TIMER: AUTO START/ STOP FEATURE: NOTE: First press the Timer button, the indicator light besides word On illuminates.
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It indicates the Auto Start program is initiated. Temp Temp Press or hold the Left arrow or Right arrow to change the Auto time by 0. Timer Timer.. Meijer. AIR CONDITIONER FEATURES(CONTINUED) NOTE: FOLLOW ME FEATURE: This feature can be activated from the remote control ONLY. The remote control serves as a remote thermostat allowing for the precise temperature control at its location.
Auto Auto To activate the Follow Me feature, point the remote Cool Light flashing control towards the unit and press the Follow Me.. Meijer. com INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS Your air conditioner is designed to install in standard double hung windows with opening widths of 2. See Fig. 1). Lower sash must open sufficiently to allow a clear vertical opening of 1. Side louvers and the rear EX ERIOR of the AC must have clear air space to allow enough airflow OFFSET.. Meijer. com Fig. B C: Align the hole in the top rail with those in the Fig.
C top of the unit as shown in Fig. B D: Secure the top rail to the unit with the 3/8 Screws as shown in Fig. C. NOTE: For safety reasons, all four(4) screws MUST be securely fastened. Meijer. com Fig. 4 C. Once the panel has been installed on the side of the cabinet, make sure it sits securely inside the frame channel by making slight adjustments.
Slide the top and bottom ends of the frame into the top and bottom ends of the frame into the top and bottom rails of the cabinet. Meijer. com Drive 3 / 4 (1. Fig. 9 holes into window sash (Fig. To secure lower sash in place, attach right angle sash lock with 3 / 4 (1. Fig. 1. 1). Fig. 1. Fig. 1. 1 Fig. 1.
Cut foam seal and insert in the space between the upper and lower sashes (Fig. Meijer. com.. Meijer. TROUBLESHOOTING TIPS Before calling for service, review this list. It may save you time and expenditure. This list includes common occurrences that are not the result of defective workmanship or materials in this appliance.
Problem Solution Wall plug disconnected. Push plug firmly into wall outlet. Air conditioner does not start House fuse blown or circuit breaker tripped. Meijer. com Problem Solution Unit removing large quantity of moisture from humid room. This is normal during Water dripping excessively humid days.
OUTSIDE when unit is cooling. Remote control not located within range. Place remote control within 2. Remote Sensing radius of the front of the unit.
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Libro - Wikipedia. Un libro . I libri sono pertanto opere letterarie e talvolta una stessa opera . Nella biblioteconomia e scienza dell'informazione un libro .
La biblioteca . Google ha stimato che al 2. Il vocabolo originariamente significava anche .
Un'evoluzione identica ha sub. In russo ed in serbo, altra lingua slava, le parole . Se ne deduce che le prime scritture delle lingue indoeuropee possano esser state intagliate su legno di faggio. La scrittura, un sistema di segni durevoli che permette di trasmettere e conservare le informazioni, ha cominciato a svilupparsi tra il VII e il IV millennio a.
C. In seguito . Lo studio di queste iscrizioni . La scrittura alfabetica emerse in Egitto circa 5. Gli antichi Egizi erano soliti scrivere scrivere sul papiro, una pianta coltivata lungo il fiume Nilo. Inizialmente i termini non erano separati l'uno dall'altro (scriptura continua) e non c'era punteggiatura. I testi venivano scritti da destra a sinistra, da sinistra a destra, e anche in modo che le linee alternate si leggessero in direzioni opposte. Il termine tecnico per questo tipo di scrittura, con un andamento che ricorda quello de solchi tracciati dall'aratro in un campo, . Furono infatti usate come mezzo di scrittura, specialmente per il cuneiforme, durante tutta l'Et.
Servivano da materiale normale di scrittura nelle scuole, in contabilit. Avevano il vantaggio di essere riutilizzabili: la cera poteva essere fusa e riformare una . L'usanza di legare insieme diverse tavolette di cera (romano pugillares) . Erano utilizzate anche le cortecce di albero, come per esempio quelle della Tilia, e altri materiali consimili. La parola greca per papiro come materiale di scrittura (biblion) e libro (biblos) proviene dal porto fenicio di Biblo, da dove si esportava il papiro verso la Grecia. Tomus fu usato dai latini con lo stesso significato di volumen (vedi sotto anche la spiegazione di Isidoro di Siviglia). Che fossero fatti di papiro, pergamena o carta, i rotoli furono la forma libraria dominante della cultura ellenistica, romana, cinese ed ebraica.
Il formato di codex si stabil. Viene chiamato codex per metafora di un tronco (codex) d'albero o di vite, come se fosse un ceppo di legno, poich. La prima menzione scritta del codice come forma di libro . Tuttavia, il codice non si guadagn. Gli autori cristiani potrebbero anche aver voluto distinguere i loro scritti dai testi pagani scritti su rotoli. La storia del libro continua a svilupparsi con la graduale transizione dal rotolo al codex, spostandosi dal Vicino Oriente del II- II millennio a.
C. All'arrivo del Medioevo, circa mezzo millennio dopo, i codici - di foggia e costruzione in tutto simili al libro moderno - rimpiazzarono il rotolo e furono composti principalmente di pergamena. Il rotolo continu.
Fu un cambiamento che influ. Quattro son troppi? Potrai pagarli due, e Trifone il libraio ci far. Haec tibi, multiplici quae structa est massa tabella, / Carmina Nasonis quinque decemque gerit.
Questa mole composta da numerosi fogli contiene quindici libri poetici del Nasone »(Marziale XIV. Il libro antico. L'oggetto libro sub. Dal II secolo a. C.
Nel mondo antico non godette di molta fortuna a causa del prezzo elevato rispetto a quello del papiro. Tuttavia aveva il vantaggio di una maggiore resistenza e la possibilit. Il libro in forma di rotolo consisteva in fogli preparati da fibre di papiro (phylire) disposte in uno strato orizzontale (lo strato che poi riceveva la scrittura) sovrapposto ad uno strato verticale (la faccia opposta). I fogli cos. La scrittura era effettuata su colonne, generalmente sul lato del papiro che presentava le fibre orizzontali. Non si hanno molte testimonianze sui rotoli di pergamena tuttavia la loro forma era simile a quella dei libri in papiro. Gli inchiostri neri utilizzati erano a base di nerofumo e gomma arabica.
Dal II secolo d. C. La vecchia forma libraria a rotolo scompare in ambito librario. In forma notevolmente differente permane invece in ambito archivistico. Nel Medio Evo si fanno strada alcune innovazioni: nuovi inchiostri ferro gallici e, a partire dalla met. Il prezzo molto basso di questo materiale, ricavato da stracci e quindi pi.
Ma bisogna aspettare la seconda met. Questo mezzo, permettendo l'accelerazione della produzione delle copie di testi contribuisce alla diffusione del libro e della cultura.
La parola membranae, letteralmente . Altri suoi distici rivelano che tra i regali fatti da Marziale c'erano copie di Virgilio, di Cicerone e Livio. Le parole di Marziale danno la distinta impressione che tali edizioni fossero qualcosa di recentemente introdotto. Il codice si origin. Quando c'era bisogno di pi. Sono stati rinvenuti . Nel tempo, furono anche disponibili modelli di lusso fatti con tavolette di avorio invece che di legno.
I romani chiamarono tali tavolette col nome di codex e solo molto pi. Ad un certo punto i romani inventarono un taccuino pi. Il passo fu breve dall'usare due o tre fogli come taccuino al legarne insieme una certa quantit. Il grande vantaggio che offrivano rispetto ai rolli era la capienza, vantaggio che sorgeva dal fatto che la facciata esterna del rotolo era lasciata in bianco, vuota.
Il codice invece aveva scritte entrambe le facciate di ogni pagina, come in un libro moderno.(LA). Quam brevis inmensum cepit membrana Maronem! Ipsius vultus prima tabella gerit. La prima pagina porta il volto del poeta. Ma copie erano anche fatte di fogli di papiro.
In Egitto, dove cresceva la pianta del papiro ed era centro della sua manifattura per materiale scrittorio, il codex di tale materiale era naturalmente pi. Quando i greci ed i romani disponevano solo del rotolo per scrivere libri, si preferiva usare il papiro piuttosto che la pergamena. Fece la sua comparsa in Egitto non molto dopo il tempo di Marziale, nel II secolo d. C., o forse anche prima, alla fine del I secolo. Il suo debutto fu modesto.
A tutt'oggi sono stati rinvenuti 1. Nel terzo secolo la percentuale aumenta dall'1,5% a circa il 1. Verso il 3. 00 d.
C. Il rotolo comunque aveva ancora parecchi secoli davanti a s. In teoria, in Egitto, terra ricca di pianta di papiro, il codice papiraceo avrebbe dovuto regnar supremo, ma non fu cos. Sebbene gli undici codici della Bibbia datati in quel secolo fossero papiracei, esistono circa 1. Non ne scegliemmo alcuno, ma ne raccogliemmo altri otto per i quali gli diedi 1. Il codex tanto apprezzato da Marziale aveva quindi fatto molta strada da Roma. Nel terzo secolo, quando tali codici divennero alquanto diffusi, quelli di pergamena iniziarono ad essere popolari.
Il numero totale di codici sopravvissuti correntemente ammontano a pi. Nel quarto secolo la percentuale si alza al 3. V secolo. In breve, anche in Egitto, la fonte mondiale del papiro, il codice di pergamena occupava una notevole quota di mercato.
Sono tutti di pergamena, edizioni eleganti, scritti in elaborata calligrafia su sottili fogli di pergamena. Per tali edizioni di lusso il papiro era certamente inadatto. Titoli di compilazioni celebri, il Codice teodosiano promulgato nel 4. Codice giustinianeo promulgato nel 5. Dall'altro lato, basandoci sulle annotazioni di Libanio, intellettuale del IV secolo che nelle sue molteplici attivit. Le ragioni erano buone: la pergamena poteva resistere a maltrattamenti vari, il codice poteva venir consultato velocemente per riferimenti giuridici, sentenze e giudizi, e cos.
La pergamena usata doveva certo essere di bassa qualit. Il peso era per. Il papiro divenne difficile da reperire a causa della mancanza di contatti con l'Antico Egitto e la pergamena, che era stata usata da secoli, divenne il materiale di scrittura principale. I monasteri continuarono la tradizione scritturale latina dell'Impero romano d'Occidente. Cassiodoro, nel Monastero di Vivario (fondato verso il 5. XLVIII), che riserva certi momenti alla lettura, influenz. La tradizione e lo stile dell'Impero romano predominava ancora, ma gradualmente emerse la cultura peculiare libro medievale.
Prima dell'invenzione e adozione del torchio calcografico, quasi tutti i libri venivano copiati a mano, il che rendeva i libri costosi e relativamente rari. I piccoli monasteri di solito possedevano poche dozzine di libri, forse qualche centinaio quelli di medie dimensioni. Con il IX secolo, le pi! Alcuni di questi esemplari sono esposti nei musei.
La luce artificiale era proibita per paura che potesse danneggiare i manoscritti. Esistevano cinque tipi di scribi. La pergamena doveva essere preparata, poi le pagine libere venivano pianificate e rigate con uno strumento appuntito o un piombo, dopo di che il testo era scritto dallo scriba, che di solito lasciava aree vuote a scopo illustrativo e rubricativo. Infine, il libro veniva rilegato dal rilegatore. Esistono testi scritti in rosso o addirittura in oro, e diversi colori venivano utilizzati per le miniature. A volte la pergamena era tutta di colore viola e il testo vi era scritto in oro o argento (per esempio, il Codex Argenteus).
Tuttavia, l'uso di spazi tra le parole non divenne comune prima del XII secolo. Si sostiene che l'uso di spaziatura tra parole dimostra il passaggio dalla lettura semi- vocalizzata a quella silenziosa. Le copertine erano fatte di legno e ricoperte di cuoio. Durante il Tardo Medioevo, quando cominciarono a sorgere le biblioteche pubbliche, e fino al XVIII secolo, i libri venivano spesso incatenati ad una libreria o scrivania per impedirne il furto. Questi libri attaccati a catena sono chiamati libri catenati. Vedi illustrazione a margine. Dapprima, i libri erano copiati prevalentemente nei monasteri, uno alla volta.
Con l'apparire delle universit. I libri furono divisi in fogli non legati (pecia), che furono distribuiti a differenti copisti e di conseguenza la velocit. Il sistema venne gestito da corporazioni secolari di cartolai, che produssero sia materiale religioso che laico. Secondo la tradizione ebraica, il rotolo della Torah posto nella sinagoga deve esser scritto a mano su pergamena e quindi un libro stampato non . Lo scriba ebraico (sofer) . Un certo numero di citt.
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Game of Thrones - Wikipedia. Game of Thrones is an American fantasydrama television series created by David Benioff and D. It is an adaptation of A Song of Ice and Fire, George R. Martin's series of fantasy novels, the first of which is A Game of Thrones.
It is filmed in Belfast and elsewhere in the United Kingdom, Canada, Croatia, Iceland, Malta, Morocco, Spain, and the United States. The series premiered on HBO in the United States on April 1. June 2. 6, 2. 01. The series was renewed for a seventh season.
Game of Thrones is an American fantasy drama television series created by David Benioff and D. It is an adaptation of A Song of Ice and Fire, George R. A goat that was extremely bored, ornery, or both decided to smash in the front door of polyurethane manufacturer Argonics Inc.’s Colorado office this weekend, and. You have not yet voted on this site! If you have already visited the site, please help us classify the good from the bad by voting on this site. YouTube as a website and community bursts with positivity and good vibes. It’s also a cesspool of divisive discourse, which can sometimes turn into harassment.
The first story arc centers on the Iron Throne of the Seven Kingdoms and follows a web of alliances and conflicts among the dynastic noble families either vying to claim the throne or fighting for independence from the throne. The second story arc focuses on the last descendant of the realm's deposed ruling dynasty, exiled and in hiding while plotting a return to the throne. The third story arc centers on the longstanding brotherhood charged with defending the realm against the ancient threats of the fierce peoples and legendary creatures that lie far north, and an impending winter that threatens the realm. Game of Thrones has attracted record viewership on HBO and has a broad, active, international fan base. It has been acclaimed by critics, particularly for its acting, complex characters, story, scope, and production values, although its frequent use of nudity and violence (including sexual violence) has attracted criticism. The series has received 3. Primetime Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Drama Series in 2.
Its other awards and nominations include three Hugo Awards for Best Dramatic Presentation (2. Peabody Award, and four nominations for the Golden Globe Award for Best Television Series – Drama (2.
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Of the ensemble cast, Peter Dinklage has won two Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series (2. Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Series, Miniseries or Television Film (2. Tyrion Lannister. Lena Headey, Emilia Clarke, Kit Harington, Maisie Williams, Diana Rigg, and Max von Sydow have also received Primetime Emmy Award nominations for their performances in the series.
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Background. The series chronicles the violent dynastic struggles among the realm's noble families for the Iron Throne, while other families fight for independence from it. It opens with additional threats in the icy North and Essos in the east. TV drama series (with an average of 1.
Martin set out to make the story feel more like historical fiction than contemporary fantasy, with less emphasis on magic and sorcery and more on battles, political intrigue, and the characters, believing that magic should be used moderately in the epic fantasy genre. He introduced gray tones into a black- and- white universe. According to David Benioff, the show is . A principal inspiration for the novels is the English Wars of the Roses.
And the scheming Cersei evokes Isabella, the . He and his wife, Catelyn Tully (Michelle Fairley), have five children: Robb (Richard Madden), the eldest, followed by Sansa (Sophie Turner), Arya (Maisie Williams), Bran (Isaac Hempstead- Wright) and Rickon (Art Parkinson), the youngest. Ned's illegitimate son Jon Snow (Kit Harington) and his friend, Samwell Tarly (John Bradley), serve in the Night's Watch under Lord Commander Jeor Mormont (James Cosmo). The Wildlings living north of the Wall include young Gilly (Hannah Murray), and warriors Tormund Giantsbane (Kristofer Hivju) and Ygritte (Rose Leslie). Robb falls in love with the healer Talisa Maegyr (Oona Chaplin), and Arya befriends blacksmith's apprentice Gendry (Joe Dempsie) and assassin Jaqen H'ghar (Tom Wlaschiha). The tall warrior Brienne of Tarth (Gwendoline Christie) serves Catelyn and, later, Sansa.
She loathes her younger brother, the dwarf Tyrion Lannister (Peter Dinklage), who is attended by his mistress Shae (Sibel Kekilli) and the sellsword Bronn (Jerome Flynn). Cersei's father is Lord Tywin Lannister (Charles Dance).
Cersei also has two young sons: Joffrey (Jack Gleeson) and Tommen (Dean- Charles Chapman). Joffrey is guarded by the scar- faced warrior, Sandor .
Robert's brother, Stannis Baratheon (Stephen Dillane), is advised by foreign priestess Melisandre (Carice van Houten) and former smuggler Ser Davos Seaworth (Liam Cunningham). The wealthy Tyrell family is primarily represented at court by Margaery Tyrell (Natalie Dormer). The High Sparrow (Jonathan Pryce) is the capital's principal religious leader. In the southern principality of Dorne, Ellaria Sand (Indira Varma) seeks vengeance against the Lannisters.
Daenerys has been married to Khal Drogo (Jason Momoa), the leader of the nomadic Dothraki. Her retinue includes exiled knight Ser Jorah Mormont (Iain Glen), her aide Missandei (Nathalie Emmanuel) and the sellsword Daario Naharis (Michiel Huisman). Weiss and David Benioff created the series, wrote most of its episodes and directed several.
In January 2. 00. David Benioff had a phone conversation with George R. Martin's literary agent about the books he represented, and became interested in A Song of Ice and Fire as he had been a fan of fantasy fiction when young but had not read the books before. The literary agent then sent the first four books of A Song of Ice and Fire to Benioff. Weiss and suggested that they adapt Martin's novels into a television series; Weiss finished the first novel in .
According to Benioff, they won Martin over with their answer to his question, . I'd been on the staff of The Twilight Zone and Beauty and the Beast. All of my first drafts tended to be too big or too expensive. I always hated the process of having to cut.
I said, 'I'm sick of this, I'm going to write something that's as big as I want it to be, and it's going to have a cast of characters that go into the thousands, and I'm going to have huge castles, and battles, and dragons.—George R. Martin, author. Martin deemed it . It's too adult. The level of sex and violence would never have gone through. Benioff added, . That means no sex, no blood, no profanity. The intention was for each novel to yield a season's worth of episodes.
Although HBO liked both drafts. The only exceptions were Peter Dinklage and Sean Bean, whom the writers wanted from the start; they were announced as joining the pilot in 2. Due to this, Benioff and Weiss postponed the introduction of several key characters and merged several characters into one or assigned plot functions to different characters.
Martin, author of A Song of Ice and Fire, is a series co- executive producer and wrote one episode for each of the first four seasons. Game of Thrones used seven writers in six seasons.
Series creators David Benioff and D. Weiss, the showrunners, write most of the episodes each season. Martin wrote one episode in each of the first four seasons. Martin did not write an episode for the later seasons, since he wanted to focus on completing the sixth novel (The Winds of Winter). Cogman, who wrote at least one episode for the first five seasons, is the only other writer in the writers' room with Benioff and Weiss. Before his promotion, Vanessa Taylor (a writer during the second and third seasons) worked closely with Benioff and Weiss.
Dave Hill joined the writing staff for the fifth season after working as an assistant to Benioff and Weiss. The writers spend several weeks writing a character outline, including what material from the novels to use and the overarching themes. After these individual outlines are complete, they spend another two to three weeks discussing each main character's individual arc and arranging them episode by episode. Cogman, who wrote two episodes for the fifth season, took a month and a half to complete both scripts. They are then read by Benioff and Weiss, who make notes, and parts of the script are rewritten. All ten episodes are written before filming begins, since they are filmed out of order with two units in different countries.
After that they begin with passing the drafts back and forth to make notes and rewrite parts of it. After Game of Thrones began outpacing the published novels in the sixth season, the series was based on a plot outline of the future novels provided by Martin. In April 2. 01. 6, the showrunners' plan was to shoot 1. For the later seasons, its creators see Game of Thrones as an adaptation of A Song of Ice and Fire as a whole rather than the individual novels.
Filming was also done at Fort Manoel (representing the Sept of Baelor); at the Azure Window on the island of Gozo (the Dothraki wedding site) and at San Anton Palace, Fort Ricasoli, Fort St Angelo and St. Dominic monastery (all used for scenes in the Red Keep). The Walls of Dubrovnik and Fort Lovrijenac were used for scenes in King's Landing and the Red Keep. The island of Lokrum, the St. Dominic monastery in the coastal town of Trogir, the Rector's Palace in Dubrovnik, and the Dubac quarry (a few kilometers east) were used for scenes set in Qarth. Scenes set north of the Wall, in the Frostfangs and at the Fist of the First Men, were filmed in November 2. Iceland: on the Vatnaj.
Trsteno Arboretum, a new location, is the garden of the Tyrells in King's Landing. The third season also returned to Morocco (including the city of Essaouira) to film Daenerys' scenes in Essos. Alex Graves, David Nutter, and Alan Taylor have directed the most episodes of the series, with six each. Daniel Minahan directed five episodes, and Michelle Mac. Laren, Mark Mylod, Jeremy Podeswa, Alik Sakharov, and Miguel Sapochnik directed four each.
Brian Kirk directed three episodes during the first season, and Tim Van Patten directed the series' first two episodes. Neil Marshall directed two episodes, both with large battle scenes: . Other directors have been Jack Bender, David Petrarca, Daniel Sackheim, Michael Slovis and Matt Shakman. Weiss have directed two episodes together but only credited one each episode, which was determined after a coin toss. The series has had a number of cinematographers.
Is the problem specific to a certain guest OS? Specific release of a guest OS? Especially with Linux guest related problems, the issue may be. Install the latest Nvidia graphics drivers on Linux Mint 16 Petra for best performance of Nvidia graphics cards and GPUs. QEMU (short for Quick Emulator) is a free and open-source hosted hypervisor that performs hardware virtualization (not to be confused with hardware-assisted.
Oracle VM VirtualBox (formerly Sun VirtualBox, Sun xVM VirtualBox and Innotek VirtualBox) is a free and open-source hypervisor for x86 computers currently being. How do I install VirtualBox Guest Additions on Linux Mint?
For any serious and. Virtual. Box Guest Additions will make your life much. This chapter describes the.
Guest Additions in detail. As mentioned in Section. They consist of. device drivers and system applications that optimize the guest operating. Please see Section. This image file. is located in the installation directory of Virtual. Box. To install the.
Guest Additions for a particular VM, you mount this ISO file in your VM as. CD- ROM and install from there. The Guest Additions offer the following features: Mouse pointer integration. To overcome the limitations for mouse support that were. Section. You will only have one mouse.
Host key is no longer required to . To make this work. Much like ordinary Windows network shares, you can. Virtual. Box to treat a certain host directory as a shared.
Virtual. Box will make it available to the guest. For details, please refer to Section. The video resolution in the guest will be automatically. Please see Section. See Section. The so- called. The host could. be receiving updates via NTP and its own time might not run. A VM could also be paused, which stops the flow of time.
When the wall. clock time between the guest and host only differs slightly, the. When the difference is too great (e. VM paused. for hours or restored from saved state), the guest time is changed.
The Guest Additions will re- synchronize the time regularly. While the interfaces through which the. Virtual. Box core communicates with the Guest Additions are kept stable so.
Guest Additions already installed in a VM should continue to work. Virtual. Box is upgraded on the host, for best results, it is. Guest Additions at the same version. Starting with Virtual. Box 3. 1, the Windows and Linux Guest Additions. If the host. is running a newer Virtual. Box version than the Guest Additions, a.
To disable this update check for the Guest Additions of a given. Virtual. Box/Guest. Add/Check. Host. Version. Section. The following sections describe the specifics of. The. following versions of Windows guests are supported: Microsoft Windows NT 4.
Microsoft Windows 2. Microsoft Windows XP (any service pack)Microsoft Windows Server 2.
Microsoft Windows Server 2. Microsoft Windows Vista (all editions)Microsoft Windows 7 (all editions)Microsoft Windows 8 (all editions)Microsoft Windows 1. RTM build 1. 02. 40. Microsoft Windows Server 2.
In the . Other guest operating systems (or if automatic start of. CD is disabled) need manual start of the installer. Note. For the basic Direct. D acceleration to work in a Windows Guest, you. Guest Additions in . This. brings up the Virtual Media Manager described in Section. There it is located in the.
Contents/Mac. OS. On a Linux host, you can find this file in the. Virtual. Box (normally.
Virtual. Box/). On Solaris hosts, you can find this file in the. Virtual. Box (normally. Virtual. Box). Back in the Virtual Media Manager, select that ISO file and. This will mount the ISO file and. Windows guest as a CD- ROM. Unless you have the Autostart feature disabled in your Windows. Windows will now autostart the Virtual.
Box Guest Additions. Additions ISO. If the Autostart feature. VBox. Windows. Additions. CD/DVD drive inside the guest to start the installer. The installer will add several device drivers to the Windows. Depending on your configuration, it might display warnings that. You must confirm these in order.
Additions. After installation, reboot your guest operating system to. Additions. 4. 2. 1.
This will then. replace the previous Additions drivers with updated versions. Alternatively, you may also open the Windows Device Manager and. When installing the same certificate. Prior to Virtual. Box 4. 2 the code signing certificates need to be imported in more manual style. Windows. Vista. Since the certificates are not accompanied on the Virtual. Box Guest Additions CD- ROM.
Virtual. Box executable first. In the following example the needed certificates will be extracted from the Virtual. Box. Windows Guest Additions installer on the CD- ROM: Veri. Sign Code Signing CAOpen the Windows Explorer. Right click on VBox.
Windows. Additions- < Architecture>. This graphics. driver does not support Windows Aero / Direct. D on the guest - instead the. WDDM graphics driver needs to be installed. To select this. driver by default, add the command line parameter. VBox. Windows. Additions- x.
VBox. Windows. Additions- amd. The Guest Additions work in those. Note that some Linux distributions already come with all or part of. Virtual. Box Guest Additions. You may choose to keep the distribution's. Guest Additions but these are often not up to date and.
Guest Additions that come with Virtual. Box. The Virtual. Box Linux Guest. Additions installer tries to detect existing installation and replace.
Guest. Additions, this may require some manual interaction. It is highly. recommended to take a snapshot of the virtual machine before replacing. Guest Additions. 4. They also come with an installation program guiding you through. Linux distributions, installation may be slightly more complex.
Installation generally involves the following steps: Before installing the Guest Additions, you will have to. During the installation process. X. Org display server will be set up to use the graphics and mouse.
Guest Additions. After installing the Guest Additions into a fresh installation of. Linux distribution or Solaris system (many unsupported.
Virtual. Box window. The layout of the guest screens can. If you want to understand more about the details of how the. X. Org drivers are set up (in particular if you wish to use them in a. Section. This will.
You should reboot after. Guest Additions. 4. They also come with an installation program guiding you through.
Installation involves the following steps: Mount the. VBox. Guest. Additions. Solaris guest's virtual CD- ROM drive, exactly the same way as. Windows guest in Section.
After the installation is complete, re- login to X server. X1. 1 Guest Additions. Open a root terminal session and. SUNWvboxguest. 4. Attempting. to install new Guest Additions without removing the existing ones is. Due to restrictions of OS/2 itself, this.
Guest Additions has a limited feature set; see Chapter. As a result, mount the ISO in OS/2 as. The OS/2 Guest Additions are located in the. OS2. As we do not provide an automatic installer at this time, please. OS/2 Guest Additions. With the . This is similar.
Windows networks - - except that shared. Guest Additions. Shared.
Folders are supported with Windows (2. Linux and Solaris.
Shared folders must physically reside on the. Guest Addition to talk to the host. For. Windows guests, shared folders are implemented as a pseudo- network. Linux and Solaris guests, the Guest Additions provide a.
To share a host folder with a virtual machine in Virtual. Box, you. must specify the path of that folder and choose for it a . Hence, first create the shared folder on. There are several ways in which shared folders can be set up for a. In the window of a running VM, you can select .
To restrict the guest to have read- only access, create a. This can either be achieved using the GUI or by. VBox. Manage. Starting with version 4. Virtual. Box shared folders also support. The host operating system must support symlinks (i. If you trust the guest OS to not abuse the.
So, to attach the host's. Windows guest, open Windows Explorer and. By right- clicking on a shared. The usual mount. rules apply, that is, create this directory first if it does not.
Here is an example of mounting the shared folder for the. Note that. on Linux guests, if the . Also,convertcp CHARSETis available in order to specify the character set used for. The generic mount options (documented in the mount manual. Especially useful are the options. If automatic mounting is enabled for a. Guest Additions will automatically mount.
OS. The details depend. OS type: With Windows guests, any. For example, the. Change that guest property to. Hence guest users. To change the mount directory to something other than. Virtual. Box/Guest.
Add/Shared. Folders/Mount. Dir. Solaris guests behave like. Linux guests except that /mnt is. To have any changes to auto- mounted shared folders applied while a. VM is running, the guest OS needs to be rebooted. For this to work the latest Guest. Additions must be installed on the guest.
Drag and drop transparently allows copying or opening files, directories. One then can perform drag and. VM as it would be a native drag and drop. OS. At the moment drag and drop is implemented for Windows- and X- Windows- based. As X- Windows sports different drag and drop.
XDND, is supported for now. Applications using. Motif or Offi. X) will not be recognized by Virtual. Box. In context of using drag and drop the origin of the data is called. On the other hand there is the.
Transferring data from the source to the target can. However, when. doing it the other way around, that is, transferring data from the guest OS. OS this time became the source and the host is the.
For security reasons drag and drop can be configured at runtime on a. VM basis either using the . This is the default when creating new VMs. Host To Guest enables performing. Guest To Host enables performing.
Bidirectional enables performing. The commands modifyvm. VM's current. drag and drop mode via command line.
As Virtual. Box can run on a variety of host OSes and also supports a wide. OS (that is, the side which receiving the. Note. When dragging files however, no data conversion is done in any way, e. So when starting. Virtual. Box with Administrator privileges then drag and drop will not work with. Windows Explorer which runs with regular user privileges by default. This works for. all supported host platforms (Windows, Mac, Linux, Solaris), provided.
D. hardware in the first place. The 3. D acceleration currently has the following. It is only available for certain Windows, Linux and Solaris. In particular: 3. D acceleration with Windows guests requires Windows. Windows XP, Vista or Windows 7.
Both Open. GL and. Direct. 3D 8/9 (not with Windows 2. Open. GL on Linux requires kernel 2. X. org server version 1.